Theoretical approaches to employment and industrial relations. Industrial relations is that part of human resource management which studies the formal relationship of the workers with the administration and the employers and ensuring a proper mechanism to manage the industrial disputes and conflicts. Approaches to industrial relations what is human resource. Approaches to industrial relations management study ir. It incorporates other areas such as industrial relations, employee relations and employment legislation, but as the philosophical approach to how the relationship is managed varies from company to company, the different approaches are dealt with independently within the 1 stop hr information service. The industrial relations or ir shows the relationship between the management and the workmen within the industry and the role of a regulatory body to resolve the industrial disputes. The twentieth century 40 the twentyfirst century 40 the role of the state 41. The ir man comes into full play only after the crisis erupts. Industrial relations perspectives, ir in the emerging socioeconomic scenario, industrial relations and the state legal framework, trade unions role and future, discipline and grievance management, negotiation and collective settlement, participative management, employee empowerment, quality management, industrial. Any person employed in an industry to do any manual and unskilled, skilled, technical. Approaches to industrial relations free download as powerpoint presentation. The scenario of industrial relations is perceived differently by different people. The unitary, pluralist and marxist perspectives all give different descriptions of the relationship between employers and employees.
Marxism is essentially a method of social enquiry into the power relationships of society and a way of interpreting social reality. The three popular approaches to industrial relation are as follows. Unitary approach, pluralistic approach, marxist approach and a few other. Sep 11, 2011 chapter 1 theories and concepts used to analyse industrial relations approaches used to define industrial relations 1 institutionalbased definitions. The best theory of industrial relations the best theory of industrial relations there are many different approaches and theories regarding industrial relations nowadays. Concept, scope and approaches to industrial relations and the laws made by the state to regulate them. Hr managers are expected to understand these varying approaches because they provide the. We now turn to discussing the theoretical themes starting with the unitary theory. The basic assumption of this approach is that industrial relations under capitalism are an everlasting and unavoidable source of conflict according to this approach, industrial conflicts are the central reality of industrial relations, but open conflicts are uncommon. Industrial relation management pondicherry university. It a designation of a whole field of relationship that exists because of the necessary collaboration of men and women in the. Three theoretical approaches to industrial relations. When industrial relations emerged as an academic field of study and area of business practice in the 1910s, it was intimately associated with the rise of the labor problem.
Both sets of relationships are then briefly compared and contrasted. Approaches to industrial relations and trends in national systems, john e. With amicable industrial relations both the workers and managers continue to work on their respective position and contribute towards the overall productivity of the firm. The scenario of industrial relations ir is perceived differently by different people. Like other behavioural subjects, both the scenario of ir and factors affecting it are perceived differently by different behavioural practitioners and theorists. What are the different theories of industrial relations. A single chapter to start first time industrial relation students. Nov 08, 2010 most important approaches to industrial relations are discussed as follows. On the basis of these perceptions, there are four popular approaches to industrial relations. Therefore, it has become necessary to secure cooperation of both the parties to improve industrial.
Com ayantunji, oyelekan ishola department of industrial relations and personnel management, faculty of management. Pdf industrial relations and labour welfare sawmya. Fundamentally, the term industrial relations refers to an organised relationship between two organised parties representing employers and employees regarding. There is greater divergence in industrial relations systems as a result of the divergent economic, social, political and cultural. Industrial relations in south africa the reformist and institutional economists 38. Institutionalism, neoclassical economics, and sqcial systems theory focus on different topics and levels within industrial relations. The class conflict analysis of industrial relations derives its impetus from marxist social thinking and interpretation. The primary focus of industrial relations or employee relations is on the employment relationship of around 2 million employees in the republic of ireland, working across. Oct 21, 2016 theoretical approaches to employment and industrial relations. Employee relations mike leat is currently the head of the hrs, operations management and business strategy group in the business school at the university of plymouth.
Most important approaches to industrial relations are discussed as follows. In this type of industrial relation approach unions are having. A comparison of subsisting orthodoxies 265 relations has been to regard it as the study of the rules governing employment, and the ways in which the rules are changed, interpreted and administered. Meanwhile, some important developments were taking place in the industrial relations system as well. The state, the employers and the trade unions responded to these forces in different ways. Industrial relations by national open university of nigeria file type. This seminar will cover the multidisciplinary theoretical and empirical foundations of research on work, employment, labor markets, and industrial relations. As the three main theories of industrial relations, the pluralist and marxist theories emphasize conflict, while the unitary theory emphasizes cooperation. Approaches to industrial relations economics discussion. We begin by tracing the historical development of theory and research in the field, paying special attention to how the normative premises, concepts, and methodological traditions of industrial relations compare to those of other. List of books and articles about industrial relations. Industrial relations does not have a shape of its own. The approaches of industrial relations industrial relations. Dunlop jayeoba, foluso ilesanmi department of industrial relations and personnel management, faculty of management sciences, lagos state university, ojo email.
Some believed that ir is related to the class conflict while some perceived it in terms of mutual cooperation and still others perceived it in terms of competing interests of various groups. Pdf theorerical approaches to industrial relations researchgate. Theories of industrial relations free download as powerpoint presentation. The approaches of industrial relations free download as powerpoint presentation. For example, while some perceive ir in terms of class conflict. Ir is perceived differently by a different group of behavioral practitioners and theorists. Different approaches to industrial relations mba knowledge base.
In 1989, for example, the business council of australia bca, the leading organisation representing major australian corporations, argued that. Theories of industrial relations industrial relations. During this period, industrial relations came to be widely defined as the study of labor problems and alternative methods to resolve such problems. Scribd is the worlds largest social reading and publishing site. He has been involved with and in employee relations for most of his working life, both as an academic and. There is a big difference between speaking out on behalf of workers who are. A comparison of subsisting orthodoxies 267 descriptive.
Teed and metcalfe observed industrial relations are the composite approach of the attitudes and approaches of the employers and employees towards each other. The different approaches and systems of management students, you should know that the year 1911, the year frederick winslow taylors principles of scientific management was published, is generally considered as the year in which management scientific method to the development of knowledge. As per dale yoder industrial relations refers to the relationship between management and employees, or employees and their organization, that arise out of employment. Click on document industrial relations theory and practice. Both pluralism and materialism have had a major role within irru.
In order to mount an opinion on which is the best or most appropriate theory of industrial relations, each theory will have to be analyzed. Unitary approach, pluralistic approach, marxist approach and a few other approaches approaches to industrial relation top 3 approaches. Some aspects of the presentation of industrial relations and. Features of the pluralistic perspective industrial democracy plays a limited role within the pluralist system. This set is designed to capture both the complexity of the field of industrial relations globally, as well as bringing out the continuing relevance of competing theoretical. Unitary approach, pluralistic approach and marxist approach. Secondly, leading theories of race relations and industrial relations are analysed critically. For some, industrial relations is related to class conflict, others perceive it in terms of mutual cooperation and still others understand it in terms of competing interests of various groups. It recognizes a relationship between the employer management and trade unions. Three theoretical approaches to industrial relations 225 toward or away from an integrated theory of lr. A different marxist approach to political economy of industrial relations. There can only be broad norm and guidelines ad criteria in dealing with issues of industrial relations. This suggests that there might be some complementarity among these fields. It studies inter relations among different facets of industrial relations system.73 1433 296 521 1000 919 1445 794 1281 501 79 335 77 1378 1328 650 506 330 1059 390 931 783 717 593 394 922 1041 1028